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How are handmade Kilims made?

Kilims add timeless beauty to your home. They are soft, elegant pieces that enhance your room interior and furnishing. Kilims are also used as prayer rugs. These rugs are made up of wool as their primary material used with cotton wraps. This article discusses the techniques used to create rich colored and attractive pattern rugs.

The Kilim rugs are made using a flat weave technique. This process involves interweaving several colored wefts and wraps, unlike the pile rugs or carpets where these are knotted together or pressure applied to hold them in place. The most common way to weave Kilim is a plain weave technique. There are various ways to produce a beautiful and unique pattern in the Kilim area rugs.

Plain weave method

This style of making Kilim carpet is mostly used by weavers. In this, the wrap and weave are evenly placed. Every weave and wrap is equally visible. Another way is a weft-faced plain weave, in which wefts are closely packed with wraps spreading out. In this pattern, wefts are less prominent.

Slit weave method

Kilims with the diagonal and geometric pattern are weaved through slit weave technique. In this process,  the slit is created using two different colors and the weave is discontinuous. The wrap is covered with tightly closed weft. Diagonal slit weaves represent a more strong structure as compared to vertical weaves. Each color block is completed before moving to the next one. In this way, bold and sharp patterned Kilims are made.

Such Kilims are reversible.

Dovetailing and double interlocking technique

To create a stronger bond between the colors, techniques called dovetailing, and double interlocking is employed. This method interlocks the weave between two colors and blurs the line. Dovetailing is also called a single interlocking technique. This is used when two different colored blocked wefts share a simple wrap between them. Double interlocking is used when two wefts are interlocked between two wraps.

Using these two techniques, high-quality, beautiful pattern Kilims are produced.


It is another difficult method of making Kilims. This is used when a supplementary weft is weaved into a Kilim to add a pattern to it. These extra wefts are weaves on standard weft to create a raised pattern on the Kilim. Two types of weaves are used in this technique one is jimjim. Another weave used in brocading is called zili.

In the former type, threads are applied on the reverse side of the weave between weft and the wrap. The resulting weave that shows underneath is used to fill negative space. In later, wefts are wrapped around wraps in the specific ratio patterns. It covers the entire surface and runs parallel to the wraps creating a distinct appearance.

Each of the technique described above has its rich history and traditions that are passes down to generation. Great skill is required to employ these weaving techniques that make every Kilim piece so fascinating and unique. An experienced weaver uses multiple weaves to produce Kilims with religious meaning and historical event. Click https://rugler.com/ to view the latest variety of Kilims and other types of carpets including tribal, modern and vintage area rugs.

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